Home' HR Monthly : September 2016 Contents September 2016 HRMonthly 25
FEATURE: DEVELOPING EXPERTISE
What sets experts apart from others is that years of practice
have changed the neu ral circuitry in their brains to produce
highly specialised “mental representations”. This involves
pre-ex isting patterns of information – facts, images, rules,
relationships – that are held in the long-term memory and can
be used to respond quickly in certain situations.
As a person’s performance improves, the representations
become more detailed and effective, in turn making it possible
to improve further.
PRODIGY OR PRACTICE?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is a stellar example. Ericsson and
Poole outline in the book how his musical skills were fostered by
his father, L eopold, a moderately talented violinist who set out to
turn his children into the sort of musician he wanted to be.
Mozart was four when his father taught him to play the
harpsichord, clavichord and violin, and he soon learned to
compose, in part by studying some of the era’s best composers.
Little wonder that a six-year-old with his feet dangling from
the bench wowed audiences across Europe. Mozart was called a
prodigy, but they had not seen all the deliberate practice that had
gone into his ‘natural talent’, says Ericsson.
One caveat to the deliberate practice theory, he admits, is in
sport, where height and certain physical attributes might give a
person the edge. Yet sometimes even this is debatable.
MORE THAN JUST SMARTS
Not everyone is convinced by the claims being made about
deliberate practice. Contradictory research points to how talent
development is a mix of abilities, environment, practice and
motivation; that the average IQ of advanced chess players, for
example, is higher than that of the general population; that it’s
very unlikely child prodigies would have engaged in 10,000 hours
of deliberate practice before adolescence; and that expertise in
creative fields cannot be counted, because creativity is nebulous.
Ericsson consistently counters that researchers use different
theoretical frameworks for their studies.
“In many years of mapping DNA, I find it curious that a single
gene hasn’t been discovered where there is consensus that it’s
providing a clear advantage for the people who have it.”
Ericsson’s recent work shows IQ is “a decent predictor” for
beginner performance in chess, but that “skills overtake and
replace whatever was correlated with IQ,” he says.
Skills also outstrip knowledge, according to Ericsson. He and
Poole note that there’s been a tradition of focusing on knowledge
in business, mainly because it’s “easier to present knowledge to a
large group of people than it is to set up conditions under which
individuals can develop skills through practice.”
WHAT IS DELIBERATE PRACTICE?
• Deliberate practice must be designed and overseen by a
teacher or coach who understands how expert performers
in your chosen field develop their abilities.
• Getting out of your comfort zone is a must; you must
constantly try to get the best out of your ability and be
fully focused at all times.
• Goals must be clearly defined; the role of the teacher is
to develop a series of small changes that work towards a
bigger goal. Incremental changes help give the student a
sense of achievement.
• Feedback is vital for improvement – this comes initially
from the teacher, but in time the student learns to monitor
themselves and identify how to improve through accurate
WHAT IS DELIBERATE PRACTICE?
GLOBAL HR, LOCAL FOCUS
Following the success of the first round of State Conferences earlier this year, AHRI’s 2016 October State Conferences promises fresh insights on emerging
business trends, and offers practical HR solutions you can implement in your workplace. Register now – member, group and student rates available.
Change the game – craft
a culture fit for the future
from history’s greatest
Fog surfing – the skill your
talent needs now
- National speaker
- National speaker
- NSW & ACT speaker
NSW: Tuesday 18 October
ACT: Wednesday 19 October
VIC/TAS: Friday 21 October
Tuesday 11 October
Wednesday 12 October
Friday 14 October
DRIVE HIGH PERFORMANCE
A global consultancy firm with new operations in Australia and NZ is
seeking an experienced HR Manager to implement and drive new people
practices and HR processes for a small ANZ office.
Working in a stand-alone capacity, you’ll report to the Country GM,
providing HR support in both operations and strategic activities. You’ll
advise on performance management, ER/IR, remuneration, recruitment
and talent management. In addition you’ll offer HR administrative, WH&S
and HR reporting support for global HR based in UK.
You’ll be an experienced HR Generalist who has worked in fast-paced
or sales-focused cultures. You’ll be experienced in start-up HR work
and enjoy implementing HR processes and initiatives to drive employee
engagement. With excellent stakeholder management skills, you’ll
also possess strong business acumen. Ideally you’ll enjoy working in
autonomous positions within SME
Contact Kat McCarthy
or 02 8226 9792.
SUPPORT THE HR FUNCTION
This global manufacturer based in Melbourne CBD is looking for an
experienced HR Advisor to join the busy team for the next six months.
Reporting to the Head of HR you’ll be a generalist advisor responsible
for a variety of tasks including end to end recruitment, talent
management, on-boarding and induction, performance management,
employee relations, award interpretation, payroll query management,
HR reporting and HRIS database maintenance, HR policies and HR
With the ability to build strong working relationships with key
stakeholders, you’ll have strong attention to detail and will be
knowledgeable in award interpretation and Fairwork. You’ll have a
good understanding of HR reporting and HR systems and will be
energetic and passionate about culture. You’ll thrive in a team-based
collaborative working environment.
A competitive salary and a
collaborative and high performing
HR team is on offer.
Contact Nikki Whyman at
or 03 9604 9537.
“WE’RE ACTUALLY DESCRIBING
SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES THAT SHOW
HOW THE BODY CAN ADAPT.”
K. ANDERS ERICSSON
19/08/2016 2:21 pm
Links Archive August 2016 October 2016 Navigation Previous Page Next Page